On Monday I was sent a photo by a regular dog walker at the Country Park of a beetle. I was able to identify it as a Violet Ground Beetle, Carabus violaceus, which I have not seen before at the Country Park and consulting online records and another regular recorder at the Country Park who specialises in entymology (insects), there are no previous records. So this must be another first record for the Country Park. This beetle is possibly under recorded as it hunts at night for slugs, worms and other insects and by day is invariably lurking under a stone.
A new species for the Country Park is great but when it is also a new record for East Sussex as well!! I have just had verification from the National Weevil and Bark Bug recording scheme that this is the case for a weevil, Curculio betulae that I found on a birch catkin on the Firehills last Tuesday.
Another new Thrips has been found and identified in the Country Park. It was found on the gorse, grass and heather stubble that has established on the Firehills since the removal of single-age blocks of gorse. The insect is just under 1mm long and required the skills of an expert to identify it. Enquiries were made to Dr.Manfred Ulitzka in Offenburg who has identified it as a micropterous female Sericothrips staphylinus.
Dr.Ulitzka made some very good pictures that show much greater detail than I am able to achieve and we are grateful both for his help in identifying the Thrips and his permission to reproduce the images here. The second picture shows characteristic microtrichia on the metascutellum.
It has been interesting to see the great increase in insect biodiversity on the Firehills since the removal of those old single-age blocks of gorse that supported very little life. It was an excellent piece of habitat improvement. We can only hope that future management decisions might be evidence based rather than led by the latest grant availability.
In the rough dry grass of the Firehills during the long lazy days of summer we might glimpse the jewel like beauty of a Ruby-tailed Wasp. These small colourful wasps are cuckoo species that are associated with specific hosts. A visit to the Firehills this week has seen two species of Hedychridium. One has a dull red abdomen and is a little larger, Hedychridium roseum is frequently found in open sunny areas and is closely associated with a Crabronid wasps as its host. The second species was even more colourful but a little smaller. It is always worth keeping an eye open for Ruby-tailed Wasps as their colour never fails to please.
Looking at Birch trees on the Firehills yesterday in the hope of finding a Parent Bug yielded a different shieldbug, the Forest Bug, also known as the Red-legged Shieldbug. I have recorded this one before but not in the Country Park and this is only the second record that I can find for the Country Park either on iRecord or the NBN Atlas, so a worthwhile find. This is not yet an adult but in it’s final instar stage.
The area of flower-rich meadow opposite the first car park off Lower Coastguard Lane is widely known as Kay’s Meadow, and it is always worth a good look for its abundance of wildflowers and insects. An unusual insect has just been found therein that would be missed by most as it is only 1.1mm long. It is Trimorus punctulator – a wasp that has no wings as such yet it has antennae that are easily twice the length of its body. It hunts prey by jumping, and is a parasitoid of the eggs of insects and spiders. It is one of the Scelionid wasps.
Occasionally one may peer into the grass and see something that makes one wonder why evolution has gone down a particular route. A recent walk across the Firehills found a brightly coloured wasp sporting some interesting accoutrements. Hanging below its face were a pair of globular things that seemed to defy logic. They are the swollen tips of the maxillary palps, but their size would suggest that they must have some purpose. Speculation is rarely wise, but in this case one might speculate that the globular things could perhaps be involved in the detection of pheromones. The wasp is a male Halticoptera hippeus of the family Pteromalidae, it is one of the Chalcid wasps that are parasitoids of insect eggs.
A walk through the quarry in glorious June sunshine was enriched by the sight of a Bishop’s Mitre shieldbug stumbling and clambering through the rabbit-cropped turf. This species of shieldbug is one of the easiest to identify from its distinctive shape, yet it has proved elusive in the Country Park until now.
The visit was also fortunate to find a couple of flightless wasps that hunt prey by jumping onto them. This species of wasp Dinocarsis hemiptera was found last year in the rush growing in the seasonal pond of the quarry, but this visit found them in Sheep’s Sorrel growing in the area so well cleared by volunteers in former times.
If you head along the causeway from the visitor centre toward the quarry but turn left before descending the uneven rock cut steps, you will find yourself on the edge of Coastguard Lane Field. There is a very stunted, scrubby little oak by the path that goes unnoticed most of the time, but a very close look into its unfurling leaves has found a new species for the Country Park. Holarcticesa clinius (formerly Grahamis clinius) is a parasitic wasp of the family Eulophidae and subfamily Entedontinae, and is approximately 1.5mm long.
Right now is a very good time to visit Brakey Bank. There are Bluebells, Red Campion, Greater Stitchwort and Yellow Archangel all out in flower. To coincide like this does not happen every year, so is well worth a look. There is some Lesser Celandine just hanging on as well. Highlight for me this morning was finding 2 White Campion plants just by the footpath. I do not recall seeing it there before.